Fort Santiago served as the the military headquarters of the Spanish, British, American and Japanese regimes. During World war II, it was a dreaded place where hundreds of men and women were jailed, tortured and executed by the Japanese military police.

After surviving a number of earthquakes, typhoons, fires, and wars through the centuries, Intramuros took the deathblow when the Americans liberated the Philippines from the Japanese in 1945. Artillery shells reduced the walls and buildings to ashes. Thousand died during the ... (more)